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Evidence that acute stress inhibits ovarian steroidogenesis in rainbow trout in vivo, through the action of cortisol

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-16, 12:01 authored by Pankhurst, NW, Van Der Kraak, G
Sexually mature (preovulatory) rainbow trout exposed to confinement stress showed a transitory increase in plasma cortisol levels that was accompanied by a similarly brief depression in plasma testosterone (T) levels. Plasma levels of maturational gonadotropin (GtH) and 17β-estradiol (E2) were unaffected by stress. A similar pattern was displayed by fish exposed to stress in midvitellogenesis. Treatment of vitellogenic fish with exogenous cortisol resulted in significant increases in plasma cortisol at 1 and 3 h postinjection (p.i.). This was associated with significant depression of plasma T levels at 1 and 3 h p.i. and plasma E2 levels at 3 and 6 h p.i. Plasma levels of GtH were unaffected by treatment with cortisol. Treatment of fish at an earlier stage of vitellogenesis with two different doses of cortisol resulted in very high elevations of plasma cortisol, but no effect on plasma levels of E2 or GtH. In contrast, plasma T levels showed a stepwise decline over time. These results suggest that the inhibitory effects of stress on reproduction are mediated by cortisol and that the effect does not involve inhibition of GtH secretion and possibly acts at the level of GtH signal-transduction. (C) 2000 Academic Press.


Publication title

General and Comparative Endocrinology








Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies


Academic Press

Place of publication

San Diego, California, USA

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified

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