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Exploration of Victoria Crater by the Mars Rover Opportunity
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 11:41 authored by Squyres, SW, Knoll, AH, Arvidson, RE, Ashley, JW, Bell III, JF, Calvin, WM, Christensen, PR, Clark, BC, Cohen, BA, de Souza Jr, PA, Edgar, L, Farrand, WH, Fleisher, I, Gellert, R, Golombek, MP, Grant, J, Grotzinger, J, Hayes, A, Herkenhoff, KE, Johnson, JR, Jolliff, B, Klingelhofer, G, Knudson, A, Li, R, McCoy, TJ, McLennan, SM, Ming, DW, Mittlefehldt, DW, Morris, RV, Rice, JW, Schroder, C, Sullivan, RJ, Yen, A, Yingst, RA
The Mars rover Opportunity has explored Victoria crater, a ~750-meter eroded impact crater formed in sulfate-rich sedimentary rocks. Impact-related stratigraphy is preserved in the crater walls, and meteoritic debris is present near the crater rim. The size of hematite-rich concretions decreases up-section, documenting variation in the intensity of groundwater processes. Layering in the crater walls preserves evidence of ancient wind-blown dunes. Compositional variations with depth mimic those ~6 kilometers to the north and demonstrate that water-induced alteration at Meridiani Planum was regional in scope.
Department/SchoolSchool of Information and Communication Technology
PublisherAmer Assoc Advancement Science
Place of publication1200 New York Ave, Nw, Washington, USA, Dc, 20005
Rights statementCopyright 2009 American Association for the Advancement of Science