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Fitness Is Independently Associated with Central Hemodynamics in Metabolic Syndrome
METHODS: Sixty-eight individuals with MetS participated in this cross-sectional study. Central hemodynamics is calculated from radial applanation tonometry and comprised aortic reservoir pressure, backward pressure wave (Pb), reflection magnitude (RM), and augmentation index at 75 bpm (AIx75). Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and body fat percentage (BF%) were determined via indirect calorimetry during maximal exercise testing and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, respectively.
RESULTS: CRF was inversely associated with aortic reservoir pressure (r = -0.29, P = 0.02), Pb (r = -0.42, P < 0.001), RM (r = -0.48, P < 0.001), and AIx75 (r = -0.65, P < 0.001). BF% was also correlated with AIx75 (r = 0.37, P < 0.05) and RM (r = 0.36, P < 0.005) but at a weaker association compared with CRF. Multiple regression analysis revealed CRF as a predictor of aortic reservoir pressure (β = -0.52, P = <0.01), Pb (β = -0.41, P < 0.03), and AIx75 (β = -0.45, P = 0.01), independent of BF% and other confounding factors.
CONCLUSIONS: CRF predicts central hemodynamics independent of BF% and other confounding factors. This suggests that CRF improvement may be a higher priority when compared with fat loss for lowering the risk of cardiovascular mortality in MetS individuals.
Publication titleMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statementCopyright 2016 American College of Sports Medicine