File(s) not publicly available
Food consumption of Sri Lankan adults: an appraisal of serving characteristics
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the present study was to identify food consumption in Sri Lankan adults based on serving characteristics.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Fruits, vegetables, starch, meat, pulses, dairy products and added sugars in the diet were assessed with portion sizes estimated using standard methods.
SETTING: Twelve randomly selected clusters from the Sri Lanka Diabetes and Cardiovascular Study.
SUBJECTS: Six hundred non-institutionalized adults.
RESULTS: The daily intake of fruit (0·43), vegetable (1·73) and dairy (0·39) portions were well below national recommendations. Only 3·5 % of adults consumed the recommended 5 portions of fruits and vegetables/d; over a third of the population consumed no dairy products and fewer than 1 % of adults consumed 2 portions/d. In contrast, Sri Lankan adults consumed over 14 portions of starch and 3·5 portions of added sugars daily. Almost 70 % of those studied exceeded the upper limit of the recommendations for starch intake. The total daily number of meat and pulse portions was 2·78.
CONCLUSIONS: Dietary guidelines emphasize the importance of a balanced and varied diet; however, a substantial proportion of the Sri Lankan population studied failed to achieve such a recommendation. Nutrition-related diseases in the country may be closely correlated with unhealthy eating habits.
Publication titlePublic Health Nutrition
Department/SchoolSchool of Health Sciences
PublisherC A B I Publishing
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom