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Genomic patterns of species diversity and divergence in Eucalyptus

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 13:47 authored by Hudson, CJ, Jules FreemanJules Freeman, Myburg, AA, Bradley PottsBradley Potts, Rene VaillancourtRene Vaillancourt
  • We examined genome-wide patterns of DNA sequence diversity and divergence among six species of the important tree genus Eucalyptus and investigated their relationship with genomic architecture.
  • Using c. 90 range-wide individuals of each Eucalyptus species (E. grandis, E. urophylla, E. globulus, E. nitens, E. dunnii and E. camaldulensis), genetic diversity and divergence were estimated from 2840 polymorphic diversity arrays technology markers covering the 11 chromosomes. Species differentiating markers (SDMs) identified in each of 15 pairwise species comparisons, along with species diversity (HHW) and divergence (FST), were projected onto the E. grandis reference genome.
  • Across all species comparisons, SDMs totalled 1.1–5.3% of markers and were widely distributed throughout the genome. Marker divergence (FST and SDMs) and diversity differed among and within chromosomes. Patterns of diversity and divergence were broadly conserved across species and significantly associated with genomic features, including the proximity of markers to genes, the relative number of clusters of tandem duplications, and gene density within or among chromosomes.
  • These results suggest that genomic architecture influences patterns of species diversity and divergence in the genus. This influence is evident across the six species, encompassing diverse phylogenetic lineages, geography and ecology.
  • Funding

    Australian Research Council


    Publication title

    New Phytologist










    School of Natural Sciences


    Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    Place of publication

    9600 Garsington Rd, Oxford, England, Oxon, Ox4 2Dg

    Rights statement

    Copyright 2015 University of Tasmania

    Repository Status

    • Restricted

    Socio-economic Objectives

    Hardwood plantations

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