Health priorities in an Australian mining town: an intercept survey
Introduction: In developed countries men’s health is poorer than women’s for a range of key indicators and being an Indigenous man in Australia widens the gap substantially. Rates of mortality and health inequality between the sexes is useful in identifying that men’s health needs attention and Indigenous men need particular attention. Men’s health-seeking behaviour has been suggested to be one of the causes of poor outcomes. This study aimed to identify differences in health concerns between men and women and Indigenous and Non-Indigenous people in an Australian mining town with the aim of targeting health promotion activities more effectively.
Methods: An intercept survey was conducted of residents of the Pilbara towns of Port Hedland and South Hedland in 2010. Settings included the main shopping centres and precincts in the towns and community event venues. Interviewers recorded gender, age, Aboriginal or Torres Strait islander self identification status, whether people worked in the mining industry or not and in what capacity and occupation. Participants were asked a series of questions about health issues of concern from a list of 13 issues which included national and local health priorities. They were then asked to prioritise their choices.
Results: Three hundred and eighty participants completed the survey, 48% were male; 18.4% identified as Indigenous people and 21% worked in the local mining industry. Men’s and women’s health priorities were generally similar but women prioritised sick kids as their number one priority and men prioritised heart disease (χ2 = 28.75 df = 12 p = 0.004). More than half of the Aboriginal men identified diabetes as a priority (53%) compared with the non-Aboriginal men (24%). This was significantly different (χ2 = 10.04 df = 1 p = 0.002). About a third of Aboriginal women identified alcohol as a priority (32.4%) compared to non-Aboriginal women (6%). This was also significantly different (χ2 = 19.45, df = 1 p = 0.001).
Conclusion: Health promotion in the Pilbara region needs to be re-evaluated for areas such as injury prevention, which remains the commonest cause of hospitalisations after renal dialysis, yet is a low health priority in the community mindset, especially among Indigenous people.
Publication titleRural and Remote Health
Department/SchoolTasmanian School of Medicine
PublisherAustralian Rural Health Education Network
Place of publicationAustralia
Rights statementCopyright 2014 IK Ellis, TC Skinner, A Bhana, N Voon, K Longley