University of Tasmania

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High sensitivity deep-UV LED-based z-cell photometric detector for capillary liquid chromatography

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 10:14 authored by Li, Yan, Nesterenko, PN, Roger StanleyRoger Stanley, Brett PaullBrett Paull, Miroslav MackaMiroslav Macka
A new high sensitivity deep-UV LED photometric detector with a z-type flow cell (45 nL or 180 nL) for miniaturised and portable capillary liquid chromatography (LC) was designed and fabricated to overcome sensitivity limitations due to short pathlength in on-capillary detectors. The new detector has a 10 mm geometric pathlength and uses high intensity light-emitting diodes (LED) as light sources in the deep-UV range (254 nm and 280 nm). No optical reference was necessary due to the low drift in the signal. Stray light was minimized by the use of an adjustable slit with a 0.5 mm pinhole. The direct relationship between absorbance and concentration was obtained using dichromate to evaluate the sensitivity and the linearity range of the detector. Performance of the miniaturised version was compared with that obtained from a commercial benchtop detector for capillary LC under the same conditions using the same optical z-cell. The miniaturised version exhibited a superior performance across all parameters, including 3 times higher effective pathlength, 4 times higher upper limit of detector linearity, and 2–5 times lower stray light levels. An application of the new detector was shown with the detection of l-dopa, l-tyrosine, norfenefrine, phenylephrine and tyramine, separated using capillary LC. The baseline noise level recorded was as low as 3.9 μAU. Further, the detector was applied in a miniaturised capillary LC for the indirect detection of common inorganic anions. In comparison to an on-capillary LED detector applied under similar chromatographic conditions, there was a 50 times higher signal to noise (S/N) ratio.


Australian Research Council


Publication title

Analytica Chimica Acta: International Journal Devoted to All Branches of Analytical Chemistry








School of Natural Sciences


Elsevier Science Bv

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Po Box 211, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1000 Ae

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© 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences