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Identification-robust inference for endogeneity parameters in linear structural models
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 23:47 authored by Doko Tchatoka, F, Dufour, S
We provide a generalization of the Anderson–Rubin (AR) procedure for inference on parameters that represent the dependence between possibly endogenous explanatory variables and disturbances in a linear structural equation (endogeneity parameters). We stress the distinction between regression and covariance endogeneity parameters. Such parameters have intrinsic interest (because they measure the effect of latent variables, which induce simultaneity) and play a central role in selecting an estimation method (such as ordinary leastsquares or instrumental variable methods). We observe that endogeneity parameters might not be identifiable and we give the relevant identification conditions. These conditions entail a simple identification correspondence between regression endogeneity parameters and the usual structural parameters, while the identification of covariance endogeneity parameters typically fails as soon as global identification fails. We develop identification-robust finitesample tests for joint hypotheses involving structural and regression endogeneity parameters, as well as marginal hypotheses on regression endogeneity parameters. For Gaussian errors, we provide tests and confidence sets based on standard Fisher critical values. For a wide class of parametric non-Gaussian errors (possibly heavy-tailed), we show that exact Monte Carlo procedures can be applied using the statistics considered. As a special case, this result also holds for usual AR-type tests on structural coefficients. For covariance endogeneity parameters, we supply an asymptotic (identification-robust) distributional theory. Tests for partial exogeneity hypotheses (for individual potentially endogenous explanatory variables) are covered as special cases. The proposed tests are applied to two empirical examples: the relation between trade and economic growth, and the widely studied problem of returns to education.
Publication titleThe Econometrics Journal
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Rights statementCopyright 2014 the Authors-Copyright 2014 The Econometrics Journal