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Identification of the optimal protocol for automated office blood pressure measurement among patients with treated hypertension
Methods: One hundred and eighty-nine patients (mean age 62.8 ± 12.1 years; 50.3% female) with treated hypertension referred to specialist clinics at 2 sites underwent AOBP in a quiet room alone. Eight BP measurements were taken starting immediately after sitting and then at 2-minute intervals (15 minutes total). The optimal AOBP protocol was defined by the smallest mean difference and highest intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) compared with daytime ambulatory BP (ABP). The same BP device (Mobil-o-graph, IEM) was used for both AOBP and daytime ABP.
Results: Average 15-minute AOBP and daytime ABP were 134 ± 22/82 ± 13 and 137 ± 17/83 ± 11 mm Hg, respectively. The optimal AOBP protocol was derived within a total duration of 6 minutes from the average of 2 measures started after 2 and 4 minutes of seated rest (systolic BP: mean difference (95% confidence interval) 0.004(-2.21, 2.21) mm Hg, P = 1.0; ICC = 0.81; diastolic BP: mean difference 0.37(-0.90, 1.63) mm Hg, P = 0.57; ICC = 0.86). AOBP measures taken after 8 minutes tended to underestimate daytime ABP (whether as a single BP or the average of more than 1 BP reading).
Conclusions: Only 2 AOBP readings taken over 6 minutes (excluding an initial reading immediately after sitting) may be needed to be comparable with daytime ABP.
Publication titleAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherElsevier Science Inc
Place of publication360 Park Ave South, New York, USA, Ny, 10010-1710
Rights statement© American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd 2017. All rights reserved.