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Impact of defoliation in temperate eucalypt plantations: Physiological perspectives and management implications
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 11:55 authored by Alieta EylesAlieta Eyles, Kara BarryKara Barry, Quentin, A, Elizabeth Pinkard
The loss of live foliage to browsing mammals, insects and foliar pathogens can reduce plantation productivity. It remains difficult to define damage thresholds that trigger lost productivity because tree responses to defoliation are influenced by abiotic stresses, such as nutrient or water limitation, as well as the frequency, severity, seasonality and pattern of defoliation by these biotic agents. This review provides a detailed synthesis of the key physiological mechanisms underpinning defoliation-related growth responses in temperate eucalypts. It illustrates how this understanding can assist in developing decision tools to quantify rotation-length pest impacts across a range of growing conditions and identifies management strategies that may promote recovery from defoliation and minimise impact. We examine host and pest interactions that influence growth responses, host defence mechanisms that reduce susceptibility, leaf-level and whole-tree physiological processes associated with recovery, and the interactive effects of defoliation and environment. We conclude by highlighting the knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to build capacity to predict and model the impacts of defoliation on productivity, especially under new environments associated with climate change.
Publication titleForest Ecology and Management
Department/SchoolTasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
Place of publicationPo Box 211, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1000 Ae
Rights statementCopyright 2013 Elsevier B.V.