Impact of the G84E variant on HOXB13 gene and protein expression in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded prostate tumours
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-19, 14:51 authored by Liesel FitzgeraldLiesel Fitzgerald, Kelsie RaspinKelsie Raspin, James MarthickJames Marthick, Field, MA, Roslyn MalleyRoslyn Malley, Thomson, RJ, Nicholas BlackburnNicholas Blackburn, Annette BanksAnnette Banks, Jac CharlesworthJac Charlesworth, Donovan, S, Joanne DickinsonJoanne Dickinson
The HOXB13 G84E variant is associated with risk of prostate cancer (PCa), however the role this variant plays in PCa development is unknown. This study examined 751 cases, 450 relatives and 355 controls to determine the contribution of this variant to PCa risk in Tasmania and investigated HOXB13 gene and protein expression in tumours from nine G84E heterozygote variant and 13 wild-type carriers. Quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry showed that HOXB13 gene and protein expression did not differ between tumour samples from variant and wild-type carriers. Allele-specific transcription revealed that two of seven G84E carriers transcribed both the variant and wild-type allele, while five carriers transcribed the wild-type allele. Methylation of surrounding CpG sites was lower in the variant compared to the wild-type allele, however overall methylation across the region was very low. Notably, tumour characteristics were less aggressive in the two variant carriers that transcribed the variant allele compared to the five that did not. This study has shown that HOXB13 expression does not differ between tumour tissue of G84E variant carriers and non-carriers. Intriguingly, the G84E variant allele was rarely transcribed in carriers, suggesting that HOXB13 expression may be driven by the wild-type allele in the majority of carriers.
Publication titleScientific Reports
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Rights statementCopyright 2017 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/