University of Tasmania

File(s) under permanent embargo

Influence of an active T-foil on motions and passenger comfort of a wave-piercing catamaran based on sea trials in oblique seas

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 09:33 authored by Chun Yu LauChun Yu Lau, Jason Ali-LavroffJason Ali-Lavroff, Damien HollowayDamien Holloway, Javad MehrJavad Mehr, Giles Thomas
In this paper the influence of a Ride-Control System (RCS) on the Response Amplitude Operator (RAO) of a full-scale high-speed catamaran was investigated using sea trials data. A T-foil and stern tabs were installed on a Wave-Piercing Catamaran (Incat Tasmania Hull 061) to improve ship motions and passenger comfort. More than 40 total effective hours of sea trials were conducted by the US Navy in 2004, encountering sea states 4–5 in the Atlantic Ocean near the United Kingdom. The reduction in Motion Sickness Incidence (MSI) was estimated in order to examine the effectiveness of the RCS in improving passenger comfort. By comparing the case of active RCS (T-foil plus stern tabs) with the case of active stern tabs only, it was found that the T-foil plays a vital role in the passenger comfort enhancement. Based on ISO recommended MSI calculation of a 2-h seaway, the percentage reduction in MSI was estimated, and hence the effectiveness of the T-foil deployment, along with the influence of speeds, headings, location on board and encountered wave height were analysed. A notable improvement in passenger comfort was observed in the real world bow quartering sea by deploying the RCS. An MSI reduction of 21% in high speeds (30-35 knots, Fr ≈ 0.6) was observed, which was almost twice the MSI reduction (11%) in low speeds (15-20 knots, Fr ≈ 0.3). However, in terms of MSI percentage reduction, the ability of T-foil in vessel motion control in oblique seas was found to be limited compared to the results in head seas.


Australian Research Council

Incat Tasmania Pty Ltd


Publication title

Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment

Article number









School of Engineering


Sage Publications Ltd

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright IMechE 2022

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

International passenger water transport (e.g. passenger ships)