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Inhibition of cartilage damage by pro-opiomelanocortin prohormone overexpression in a rat model of osteoarthritis

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 10:51 authored by Shen, PC, Shiau, AL, Jou, IM, Lee, CH, Tai, MH, Juan, HY, Lin, PR, Guei-Sheung LiuGuei-Sheung Liu, Wu, CL, Hsieh, JL
Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is a precursor of various neuropeptides. POMC-derived neuropeptides are potent inflammation inhibitors and immunosuppressants. Evidence that osteoarthritis (OA) is an inflammatory disease is accumulating. We assessed whether intra-articular gene delivery of POMC ameliorates experimentally induced OA in a rat model. OA was induced in Wistar rats by anterior cruciate ligament-transection (ACLT) in the knee of one hind limb. Adenoviral vector encoding human POMC (AdPOMC) was injected intra-articularly into the knee joints after ACLT. The transgene expression and the inflammatory responses were evaluated using immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The treated joints were assessed histologically for manifestations of the disease. Human POMC was expressed in the chondrocytes and synovial membrane after the intra-articular injection. POMC gene transfer reduced nuclear factor-κB activity and the levels of interleukin-1β in HTB-94 chondrosarcoma cells and Raw 264.7 macrophages; it also reduced microvessel density in the synovium. Histological examination showed that symptoms of OA in AdPOMC-treated rats were less severe than in rats treated with either empty adenoviral vector (AdNull) or normal saline. Intra-articular injection of adenoviral vectors expressing POMC significantly suppressed the progression and severity of OA, and reduced inflammatory responses and angiogenesis. POMC gene delivery may offer novel therapeutic approach for treating OA.


Publication title

Experimental Biology and Medicine








Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Soc Experimental Biology Medicine

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Copyright 2011 Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine

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Clinical health not elsewhere classified

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