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Interaction of grape skin, seed, and pulp on tannin and anthocyanin extraction in Pinot noir wines

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 13:10 authored by Sparrow, AM, Dambergs, RG, Bindon, KA, Smith, PA, Dugald CloseDugald Close
Berry tissue components (skin, seed, and pulp) were isolated from Pinot noir grapes to determine the tannin content of each component. In addition, the role of each berry component in determining the phenolic profile of the wine was investigated by omitting or doubling each berry tissue in the must and fermenting these using submerged cap micro-vinification. Monomeric anthocyanin, total tannin and non-bleachable pigment concentrations in juice and wine were examined at seven time intervals from yeast inoculation (day 0) to 12 months bottle age (day 400). When included in the must, berry pulp was associated with reduced wine tannin concentration, an effect that was more selective for seed tannin. Consequently the tannin composition of wines made with whole-berry ferments most closely reflected that of skin tannin. The formation of non-bleachable pigments was greater in treatments where seeds were present during fermentation. However, when the contribution of seed tannin in wine was increased by doubling the complement of seeds in the must, anthocyanin concentration remained constant and non-bleachable pigments did not increase during ageing. Treatments with a double complement of grape skins were found to enhance both non-bleachable pigment and tannin in aged wines.


Publication title

American Journal of Enology and Viticulture










Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)


Amer Soc Enology Viticulture

Place of publication

Po Box 1855, Davis, USA, Ca, 95617-1855

Rights statement

© 2015 by the American Society for Enology and Viticulture. All rights reserved.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Wine grapes

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