File(s) under permanent embargo
Is metformin use associated with a reduced risk of oesophageal cancer? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Objectives: Studies on the association between metformin use and the risk of oesophageal cancer (OC) have generated controversial findings. This updated meta-analysis was conducted to reassess the effects of metformin on OC.
Methods: A comprehensive search strategy was conducted to select relevant studies from origination to February 2021. Heterogeneity was evaluated through the Q test and I2 statistics. HRs and 95% CIs were pooled through either random-effect or fixed-effect models. Meta-regression, subgroup analyses, sensitivity analysis and publication bias diagnosis were also performed.
Results: Seven studies with 5 426 343 subjects were included. Metformin use was associated with reduced risk of OC (HR=0.69, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.87, p<0.001). Sensitivity analysis suggested that the results were relatively stable.
Conclusion: Metformin is associated with a reduced risk of OC. More well-designed studies are still needed to further elaborate on these associations.
Publication titlePostgraduate Medical Journal
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherB M J Publishing Group
Place of publicationBritish Med Assoc House, Tavistock Square, London, England, Wc1H 9Jr
Rights statement© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021.