University Of Tasmania
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Job stress in young adults is associated with a range of poorer health behaviours in the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health (CDAH) study

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 15:53 authored by Wang, S, Kristy Sanderson, Terry DwyerTerry Dwyer, Alison VennAlison Venn, Seana GallSeana Gall
Objective: To examine job stress and health behaviours, including their co-occurrence, in Australians aged 31-41 year assessed in 2009-11.

Methods: Cross-sectional analyses using multivariable regression models of the association between the Effort Reward Imbalance (ERI) scale and health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity and BMI) both individually and co-occurring (0-3 versus 4-5 behaviours) were undertaken. Covariates included sociodemographics, personality and life events.

Results: Greater ERI was associated with a significantly lower prevalence of having co-occurring healthy behaviours and poorer diets in both sexes. Higher ERI was also associated greater physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour in men and smoking, high alcohol consumption and more pedometer-measured physical activity in women.

Conclusion: Job stress at work was associated with a range of unhealthy behaviours, which may explain the higher chronic disease associated with job stress.


Publication title

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine








Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Place of publication

530 Walnut St, Philadelphia, USA, Pa, 19106-3621

Rights statement

Copyright © 2018 American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Behaviour and health

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