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Kbg and Kv1.3 channels mediate potassium efflux in the early phase of apoptosis in Jurkat T lymphocytes
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 01:10 authored by Valencia-Cruz, G, Svetlana ShabalaSvetlana Shabala, Delgado-Enciso, I, Sergey ShabalaSergey Shabala, Bonales-Alatorree, E, Igor Pottosin, Dobrovinskaya, OR
Microelectrode ion flux estimation (MIFE) and patch-clamp techniques were combined for noninvasive K+ flux measurements and recording of activities of the dominant K+ channels in the early phases of apoptosis in Jurkat cells. Staurosporine (STS, 1 Î¼M) evoked rapid (peaking around 15 min) transient K+ efflux, which then gradually decreased. This transient K+ efflux occurred concurrently with the transient increase of the K+ background (Kbg) TWIK-related spinal cord K + channel-like current density, followed by a drastic decrease and concomitant membrane depolarization. The Kv1.3 current density remained almost constant. Kv1.3 activation was not altered by STS, whereas the inactivation was shifted to more positive potentials. Contribution of Kbg and Kv1.3 channels to the transient and posttransient STS-induced K+ efflux components, respectively, was confirmed by the effects of bupivacaine, predominantly blocking Kbg current, and the Kv1.3-specific blocker margatoxin. Channel-mediated K+ efflux provoked a substantial cellular shrinkage and affected the activation of caspases. Copyright Â© 2009 the American Physiological Society.
Publication titleAmerican Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology
Department/SchoolTasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)
PublisherAmer Physiological Soc
Place of publication9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, USA, Md, 20814