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142692-Knowledge assessment of snake antivenom among healthcare practitioners involving educational intervention in northern Nigeria.pdf (119.26 kB)
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Knowledge assessment of snake antivenom among healthcare practitioners involving educational intervention in northern Nigeria: a study protocol

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 20:43 authored by Bala, AA, Jatau Abubakar, I, Yunusa, I, Mohammed, M, Mohammed, A-KH, Isa, AM, Wada, AS, Gulma, KA, Bello, I, Michael, GC, Malami, S, Chedi, BZA

Snakebite envenoming (SBE) is an important occupational and public health hazard especially in sub-Saharan Africa. For optimum management of SBE, adequate knowledge of Snake antivenom (SAV) is very critical among the healthcare practioners in this region. Information related to the knowledge of SAV use in the management of SBE, as well as SAV logistics is scarce among the Health Care Professionals (HCPs) in Nigeria, particularly in the northern region. We therefore aimed to develop, validate and utilize a tool to assess the SAV knowlegde among HCPs in northern Nigeria. We also sought to implement and evaluate an intervention that could improve the SAV knowledge among the HCPs.


The proposed study will be conducted in three phases: Phase I will involve the development of the item-pool to be included in the tool, followed by a face, content validity and construct validity. The tool reliability, readability and difficulty index will be determined. Phase II will involve the utilization of the tool to assess baseline SAV knowledge among the HCPs followed by an educational intervention. Multiple Linear Regression analysis will be used to determine the factors associated with SAV knowledge among the HCPs. Lastly, Phase III which will be a repeat of Phase II to assess and evaluate the knowledge after the intervention.


The study design and findings may guide future implementation and streamline the intervention of improving SAV knowledge in HCPs training and practice.


Publication title

Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety








School of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Sage Publications Ltd.

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

© The Author(s), 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License ( which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (

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Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the health sciences

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