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Long-Term Follow-Up of Computer-Aided Vicarious Exposure Versus Live Graded Exposure in the Treatment of Spider Phobia

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-16, 14:10 authored by Lisa GilroyLisa Gilroy, Kenneth KirkbyKenneth Kirkby, Daniels, BA, Menzies, RG, Montgomery, IM
This study investigated the long-term efficacy of three 45-minute sessions of live graded exposure, computer-aided vicarious exposure, or progressive muscle relaxation placebo for the treatment of spider phobia, and is a follow-up of the results previously reported by Gilroy, Kirkby, Daniels, Menzies, and Montgomery (2000). Forty-two out of 45 participants were assessed, using both subjective and behavioral assessments, at a mean of 33 months after completing treatment. The assessor was unaware of treatment group. Results showed significant improvement from pretreatment to 33-month follow-up across a range of measures in all treatment groups, although the group by time interaction was not statistically significant. Between 3-month and 33-month follow-up, no significant change was observed in any group, indicating sustained long-term improvement. The results support previous reports of the long-term efficacy of live graded exposure and indicate similar durable treatment outcome effects for computer-aided vicarious exposure.


Publication title

Behaviour Therapy








Tasmanian School of Medicine


Association for Advancement of Behavioural Therapy

Place of publication

New York, USA

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Mental health

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