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Longitudinal changes in excess pressure independently predict declining renal function among healthy individuals - A pilot study

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 05:47 authored by Rachel ClimieRachel Climie, Dean PiconeDean Picone, James SharmanJames Sharman
Background: Aortic reservoir function independently predicts end-organ damage in cross-sectional analyses. However, longitudinal associations are more important regarding causation, but this has never been examined at rest or in response to light-moderate intensity exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the change in aortic reservoir characteristics, in particular excess pressure integral (Pexcess) at rest and in response to exercise and the change in kidney function among healthy individuals followed over time.

Methods: Aortic reservoir function (Pexcess and reservoir pressure), aortic stiffness, brachial and central blood pressure (BP), and renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]) were recorded among 33 healthy individuals (57 ± 9 years; 55% male) at baseline and after an average 3.0 ± 0.3 years.

Results: Over the follow up period, there was a significant increase in resting brachial BP, central BP, Pexcess, and aortic stiffness (P < 0.05 all). The change over time in resting Pexcess (but not aortic stiffness) was significantly related to the change in eGFR (r = -0.38, P = 0.038) and remained independent of age at follow up, change in 24-hour ambulatory systolic BP and body mass index (β = -0.0300, P = 0.043). There was no association between the change in aortic pulse wave velocity and the change eGFR (P = 0.46) nor were there any associations with exercising hemodynamics.

Conclusions: Pexcess is independently associated with a decline in renal function among healthy people followed over 3 years. These novel findings indicate the need to determine the underlying physiological determinants of aortic reservoir function.


Publication title

American Journal of Hypertension










Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Elsevier Science Inc

Place of publication

360 Park Ave South, New York, USA, Ny, 10010-1710

Rights statement

Copyright 2017 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Clinical health not elsewhere classified

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