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Longitudinal nutritional changes in aging Australian women
Methods and Study Design: Participants were from the Women's Healthy Ageing Project (WHAP); a longitudinal cohort of Australian-born women within the Melbourne metropolitan area. 173 participants were included in this analysis, their mean age in 1998 was 55 years (range 51-62) and in 2012 was 70 years (range 66-76). Diet was assessed using the Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies Version 2 in 1998 and 2012. Nutritional intakes, Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) scores, Mediterranean Diet (MD) scores, sociodemographic and physical measures were calculated for all participants at both time points.
Results: Energy intake was found to significantly decrease over time (p<0.005). Energy-adjusted (i.e., energy density) total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fat and cholesterol intakes increased over time (all p<0.002), while energy-adjusted and absolute carbohydrate intake decreased (p<0.002). Adherence to the MD decreased over time (p<0.001) whilst DII scores increased slightly over time, although this result was not significant.
Conclusions: This study shows significant changes in the intake of energy and several nutrients in a cohort of aging Australian women in the Melbourne metropolitan area over a period of 14 years. Between 1998 and 2012, changes in indices reflecting overall diet were consistently in the direction of a poorer diet.
Publication titleAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherH E C Press
Place of publicationHealthy Eating Club Pty Ltd, Emerald Hill Clinic 157 Clarendon St, Southbank, Australia, Vic, 3006
Rights statementCopyright 2019 Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition