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Malate Circulation: Linking Chloroplast Metabolism to Mitochondrial ROS
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-21, 09:41 authored by Zhao, Y, Yu, H, Zhou, JM, Steven SmithSteven Smith, Li, J
In photosynthetic cells, chloroplasts and mitochondria are the sites of the core redox reactions underpinning energy metabolism. Such reactions generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) when oxygen is partially reduced. ROS signaling leads to responses by cells which enable them to adjust to changes in redox status. Recent studies in Arabidopsis thaliana reveal that chloroplast NADH can be used to generate malate which is exported to the mitochondrion where its oxidation regenerates NADH. Oxidation of this NADH produces mitochondrial ROS (mROS) which can activate signaling systems to modulate energy metabolism, and in certain cases can lead to programmed cell death (PCD). We propose the term ‘malate circulation’ to describe such redistribution of reducing equivalents to mediate energy homeostasis in the cell.
Publication titleTrends in Plant Science
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
PublisherElsevier Ltd. * Trends Journals
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom