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Mechanisms of synaptic homeostasis in Alzheimer's disease
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 02:28 authored by David SmallDavid Small
Despite considerable progress in defining the role of the beta-amyloid protein (Abeta) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the mechanism by which accumulation of Abeta causes dementia remains elusive. Memory loss is probably caused by an Abeta-induced change in synaptic plasticity. Computational neuroscience (neural network modelling) studies demonstrate that cell death (or synaptic loss as a consequence of cell death) per se cannot cause the specific pattern of gradual amnesia that occurs in AD. Amnesia typical of that seen in AD can only be produced when synaptic scaling occurs. Synaptic scaling is a compensatory homeostatic mechanism which maintains the excitatory response of individual neurons and prevents the catastrophic amnesia associated with synapse loss. In this review, several possible mechanisms of synaptic scaling are described.
Publication titleCurrent Alzheimer Research
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherBentham Science Publishers Ltd.
Place of publicationNetherlands