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Mesozoic multiphase magmatism at the Xinan Cu-Mo ore deposit (Zijinshan Orefield): geodynamic setting and metallogenic implications
The Xinan Cu–Mo deposit, newly-discovered in the Zijinshan Au–Cu–Mo Orefield (the largest porphyry–epithermal system in SE China), is featured by the presence of abundant multi-phase granitoids, which reflects the complex Mesozoic tectono-magmatic evolution in the region.
New and published LA-ICP-MS zircon U–Pb age data reveal that the Mesozoic Zijinshan magmatism occurred in two major phases: (1) Middle to Late Jurassic (ca. 169–150 Ma), forming the Zijinshan complex granite and the Xinan monzogranite; (2) late Early Cretaceous to earliest Late Cretaceous (ca. 112–98 Ma), forming the Shimaoshan volcanic rocks, Sifang granodiorite, and the Xinan (fine-grained) granodiorite porphyry, porphyritic granodiorite and late aplite dykes. Additionally, a possible earliest Cretaceous magmatism (ca. 141 Ma) may have occurred based on inherited zircon evidence. Major and trace element geochemistry indicates that all the Zijinshan igneous rocks show subduction-related geochemical affinities. Zircon Ce4+/Ce3+ values of the late Early Cretaceous to earliest Late Cretaceous granitoids (Ce4+/Ce3+ = 190–1706) are distinctly higher than the Middle to Late Jurassic ones (Ce4+/Ce3+ = 27–457), suggesting that the former were derived from more oxidized parental magma. The Middle to Late Jurassic Zijinshan complex granite and monzogranite have εHf (t) values of −8.02 to −10.00, with the two-stage Hf model ages (TDM2) of 1.72 to 1.84 Ga (similar to the Paleoproterozoic metamorphosed Cathaysia Block basement), suggesting that they were derived from partial melting of the basement. The late Early Cretaceous to earliest Late Cretaceous Sifang granodiorite and Xinan (fine-grained) granodiorite porphyry, porphyritic granodiorite and aplite dykes contain higher and wider range of εHf (t) values (0.66 to − 6.05), with TDM2 of 1.12 to 1.56 Ga, indicating that they were also partial melting product of the Cathaysia basement but with more mantle and/or juvenile mafic lower crustal input. We propose that the Zijinshan Orefield was in a compressive, Pacific subduction-related tectonic setting during the Middle to Late Jurassic. The regional tectonic regime may have changed to extensional in the late Early Cretaceous to earliest Late Cretaceous, during which the Pacific plate subduction direction change and the accompanying subduction roll-back and slab window-opening occurred. The tectonic regime transition, high oxygen fugacity and mantle/mafic lower crustal materials involvement in the late Early Cretaceous to earliest Late Cretaceous may have generated the Zijinshan porphyry-related Au–Cu–Mo mineralization.
Society of Economic Geologists Foundation Inc
Publication titleOre Geology Reviews
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
Place of publicationPo Box 211, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1000 Ae
Rights statement© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.