University Of Tasmania

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Metal 3D-printed catalytic jet and flame ionization detection for in situ trace carbon oxides analysis by gas chromatography

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 12:00 authored by Gras, R, Hua, Y, Luong, J, Qiao, P, Yang, XG, Yang, P
A gas chromatographic approach for the determination and quantification of trace levels of carbon oxides in gas phase matrices for in situ or near-line/at-line analysis has been successfully developed. Catalytic conversion of the target compounds to methane via the methanation process was conducted inside a metal 3D-printed jet that also acted as a hydrogen burner for the flame ionization detector. Modifications made to a field transportable gas chromatograph enabled the leveraging of advantaged microfluidic-enhanced chromatography capability for improved chromatographic performance and serviceability. The compatibility with adsorption chromatography technology was demonstrated with in-house constructed columns. Sustained reliable conversion efficiencies of greater than 99% with respectable peak symmetries were attained at 400°C. Quantification of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide at a parts-per-million level over a range from 0.2 ppm to 5% v/v for both compounds with a respectable precision of less than 3% relative standard deviation for peak area (n = 10) and a detection limit of 0.1 ppm v/v was achieved. Linearity with correlation coefficients of R2 greater than 0.9995 and measured recoveries of >99% for spike tests were achieved. The 3D-printed steel jet was found to be reliable and resilient against potential contamination from the matrices owing to the in situ backflushing capability.


Publication title

Journal of Separation Science










School of Natural Sciences



Place of publication


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Copyright 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences