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Microwave maceration of Pinot noir grape must: sanitation and extraction effects and wine phenolics outcomes
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 18:28 authored by Anna CarewAnna Carew, Sparrow, AM, Curtin, CD, Dugald CloseDugald Close, Robert Dambergs
Pinot noir grapes have a unique phenolic profile which can impinge on the extraction and stabilisation of compounds such as anthocyanins and tannins which contribute to the colour and mouthfeel of red wine. This study examined the concentration of phenolic compounds in Pinot noir grape must and wine following application of a novel microwave maceration treatment for red grape must. Microwave maceration was shown to be highly effective for extraction of phenolics from grape solids into grape juice. When juices were fermented to wine, ultraviolet–visible spectrophotometry showed microwave maceration was associated with significantly higher concentrations of total phenolics, anthocyanin, tannin and pigmented tannin in wine at 18 months bottle age, compared with control wine. Mean tannin concentration in microwave treatment wine was 0.60 gm/L at 18 months, compared with 0.14 gm/L in control wine. The microwave treatment was also associated with a substantial and rapid decrease in the grape-associated yeast population, compared with control maceration, and a shorter lag phase at the outset of alcoholic fermentation. Based on this study, microwave maceration warrants further investigation as a potential industrial-scale application in red winemaking.
Publication titleFood and Bioprocess Technology
Department/SchoolTasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)
Place of publicationUnited States of America
Rights statementCopyright 2013 Springer Science+Business Media