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Modelling root plasticity and response of narrow-leafed lupin to heterogeneous phosphorus supply
Background & Aims: Searching for root traits underpinning efficient nutrient acquisition has received increased attention in modern breeding programs aimed at improved crop productivity. Root models provide an opportunity to investigate root-soil interactions through representing the relationships between rooting traits and the non-uniform supply of soil resources. This study used simulation modelling to predict and identify phenotypic plasticity, root growth responses and phosphorus (P) use efficiency of contrasting Lupinus angustifolius genotypes to localised soil P in a glasshouse.
Methods: Two L. angustifolius genotypes with contrasting root systems were grown in cylindrical columns containing uniform soil with three P treatments (nil and 20 mg P kg−1 either top-dressed or banded) in the glasshouse. Computer simulations were carried out with root architecture model ROOTMAP whichwas parameterized with root architectural data from an earlier published hydroponic phenotyping study.
Results: The experimental and simulated results showed that plants supplied with banded P had the largest root system and the greatest P-uptake efficiency. The P addition significantly stimulated root branching in the topsoil, whereas plants with nil P had relatively deeper roots. Genotype-dependent root growth plasticity in response to P supply was shown, with the greatest response to banded P.
Publication titlePlant and Soil
Department/SchoolTasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)
Place of publicationNetherlands
Rights statementCopyright 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht