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143416 - modern urbanization has reshaped.pdf (1.06 MB)

Modern urbanization has reshaped the bacterial microbiome profiles of house dust in domestic environments

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 21:55 authored by Shan, Y, Guo, J, Fan, W, Li, H, Wu, H, Yong SongYong Song, Jalleh, G, Wu, W, Zhang, G

Background: The prevalence of allergy and other common chronic diseases is higher in developed than developing countries, and higher in urban than rural regions. Urbanization through its modification of environmental microbiomes may play a predominant role in the development of these conditions. However, no studies have been conducted to compare the microbiome in house dust among areas with different urbanization levels.

Methods: House dust from Xinxiang rural area (XR, n = 74), Xinxiang urban area (XU, n = 33), and Zhengzhou urban area (ZU, n = 32) in central China, and from Australia (AU, n = 58 [with pets AUP, n = 15, without pets AUNP, n = 43]) were collected during a summer season in China and Australia. High-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA was employed to profile house dust bacterial communities.

Results: Settled dust collected in China was dominant with 2 bacterial phyla: Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria, while floor dust collected in Australia had a higher proportion of phylum Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria. XR dust samples presented higher bacterial richness and diversity compared with XU or ZU samples. Urbanization level (r2 = 0.741 P < 0.001) had a significant correlation with the distribution of house dust bacterial community. At the genus level, there was a positive correlation (r coefficient > 0.5) between urbanization level and bacterial genera Streptococcus, Bartonella, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Bacteroides, Corynebacterium_1 , and Enhydrobacter and a negative correlation (r coefficient < -0.5) with Rhodanobacter.

Conclusion: There was a significant difference in house dust microbiota among different urbanization areas. The areas with a lower urbanization level presented higher dust-borne bacterial richness and diversity. Modern urbanization has a significant influence on the bacterial microbiome profiles of indoor dust.


Publication title

The World Allergy Organization Journal










Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Place of publication

United States

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© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of World Allergy Organization. This is an open access article under the CC BYNC-ND license (

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Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences

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