University Of Tasmania

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Monitoring temporal changes in use of two cathinones in a large urban catchment in Queensland, Australia

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 16:55 authored by Thai, PK, Lai, FY, Edirisinghe, M, Hall, W, Raimondo BrunoRaimondo Bruno, O'Brien, JW, Jeremy PrichardJeremy Prichard, Kirkbride, KP, Mueller, JF
Wastewater analysis was used to examine prevalence and temporal trends in the use of two cathinones, methylone and mephedrone, in an urban population (>200,000 people) in South East Queensland, Australia. Wastewater samples were collected from the inlet of the sewage treatment plant that serviced the catchment from 2011 to 2013. Liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure mephedrone and methylone in wastewater sample using direct injection mode. Mephedrone was not detected in any samples while methylone was detected in 45% of the samples. Daily mass loads of methylone were normalized to the population and used to evaluate methylone use in the catchment. Methylone mass loads peaked in 2012 but there was no clear temporal trend over the monitoring period. The prevalence of methylone use in the catchment was associated with the use of MDMA, the more popular analogue of methylone, as indicated by other complementary sources. Methylone use was stable in the study catchment during the monitoring period whereas mephedrone use has been declining after its peak in 2010. More research is needed on the pharmacokinetics of emerging illicit drugs to improve the applicability of wastewater analysis in monitoring their use in the population.


Publication title

Science of The Total Environment








School of Psychological Sciences


Elsevier Science Bv

Place of publication


Rights statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified