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Monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of osteoarthritis

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 02:45 authored by Zheng, S, Hunter, DJ, Xu, J, Chang-Hai DingChang-Hai Ding
Introduction: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial chronic joint disease, and so far, there are no approved disease-modifying anti-OA drugs (DMOADs). There is an urgent need to develop therapies for different phenotypes of OA. Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) may slow structural progression, control inflammation and relieve pain, and thus have the potential to be DMOADs.

Areas covered: In this review, the authors searched the literature on PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library using keywords, including mAbs, biological agents, OA and osteoarthritis, electronically up to May 2016. They also included abstracts of international conferences. Furthermore, they reviewed experimental and clinical studies of various mAbs targeting different pathological mechanisms of OA, including ADAMTS, Interleukine-1, tumour necrosis factor, never growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor.

Expert opinion: MAbs for the treatment of OA are under intense investigation and the results for some mAbs (e.g., anti-nerve growth factor mAbs, anti- vascular endothelial growth factor mAbs) are promising. The authors believe that mAb therapy can be a targeted therapeutic approach for the treatment of OA. Future clinical trials are required to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of these agents by the appropriate selection of specific phenotype for targeted therapy based on the mechanism of drug action.


Publication title

Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy










Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Taylor & Francis

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

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Socio-economic Objectives

Clinical health not elsewhere classified

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