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Monosaccharide/proton symporter AtSTP1 plays a major role in uptake and response of Arabidopsis seeds and seedlings to sugars

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 11:25 authored by Sherson, SM, Hemmann, G, Wallace, G, Forbes, S, Germain, V, Stadler, R, Bechtold, N, Sauer, N, Steven SmithSteven Smith
The aim of this study was to investigate the in vivo properties and function of the high-affinity monosaccharide/proton symporter AtSTP1 of Arabidopsis. We isolated an Atstp1 knock-out mutant and found that this plant grows and develops normally. The AtSTP1 gene is expressed in germinating seeds and seedlings, with AtSTP1 activity found mainly in the seedling root. The rate of uptake of [14C]-3-O-methylglucose and [14C]-D-glucose is 60% less in Atstp1 seedlings than in the wild type, showing that AtSTP1 is the major monosaccharide transporter in Arabidopsis seedlings. Transport of D-galactose and D-mannose is also up to 60% less in Atstp1 seedlings compared to wild type, but transport of D-fructose, L-arabinose and sucrose is not reduced. Germination of Atstp1 seed shows reduced sensitivity to D-mannose, demonstrating that AtSTP1 is active before germination. Atstp1 seedlings grow effectively on concentrations of D-galactose that inhibit wild-type growth, even at up to 100 mM D-galactose, indicating that active transport by AtSTP1 plays a major role at very high concentrations of exogenous sugar. These findings provide insight into the physiological function of AtSTP1 and clearly establish its importance in the uptake of extracellular sugars by the embryo and in seedlings.


Publication title

The Plant Journal










School of Natural Sciences


Blackwell Publishing Ltd

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9600 Garsington Rd, Oxford, England, Oxon, Ox4 2Dg

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Copyright 2000 Blackwell Science Ltd

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Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences

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