University of Tasmania

File(s) under permanent embargo

Morphology of the equatorial ionization anomaly in Africa and Middle East due to a sudden stratospheric warming event

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 16:15 authored by Olawale Bolaji, Oyeyemi, EO, Jimoh, OE, Fujimoto, A, Doherty, PH, Owolabi, OP, Adeniyi, JO, Falayi, EO, Abe, E, Kaka, RO, Kotoye, A
Using total electron content (TEC) data deduced from 18 Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers in Africa and Middle East, we investigated the morphology of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) and its underlying variations before, during and after the 2009 sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) event. A southern EIA crest stronger than the northern EIA crest was observed for most of the days before the SSW event, while the EIA troughs were significantly obliterated after these SSW induced phases. In addition to the observed marked depletion of the hemispheric EIA crests during the SSW peak phase, we observed a terdiurnal variation straddling the northern EIA crests. This background terdiurnal signature is suggested to be partly responsible for the transport of more plasma to the northern hemisphere at the expense of southern hemisphere during the SSW peak phase. The consequences are higher pre-noon and post noon crests in the northern hemisphere compared to a single crest in the southern hemisphere. Contrary to previous modeling and experimental reports that the reductions in ionospheric TEC are due to semidiurnal variations resulting from the SSW peak phase, our results show that a terdiurnal variation was responsible for reducing the EEJ strength and TEC at the E-region and F2-region's topside, respectively. At the southern middle latitudes, an underlying diurnal variation was seen to initiate an increment in TEC during the SSW descending phase.


Publication title

Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics








School of Natural Sciences


Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd

Place of publication

The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England, Ox5 1Gb

Rights statement

© 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Atmospheric processes and dynamics