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Multiple-object tracking while driving: the multiple-vehicle tracking task

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 08:28 authored by Martin Lochner, Trick, LM
Many contend that driving an automobile involves multiple-object tracking. At this point, no one has tested this idea, and it is unclear how multiple-object tracking would coordinate with the other activities involved in driving. To address some of the initial and most basic questions about multiple-object tracking while driving, we modified the tracking task for use in a driving simulator, creating the multiple-vehicle tracking task. In Experiment 1, we employed a dual-task methodology to determine whether there was interference between tracking and driving. Findings suggest that although it is possible to track multiple vehicles while driving, driving reduces tracking performance, and tracking compromises headway and lane position maintenance while driving. Modified change-detection paradigms were used to assess whether there were change localization advantages for tracked targets in multiple-vehicle tracking. When changes occurred during a blanking interval, drivers were more accurate (Experiment 2a) and ~250 ms faster (Experiment 2b) at locating the vehicle that changed when it was a target rather than a distractor in tracking. In a more realistic driving task where drivers had to brake in response to the sudden onset of brake lights in one of the lead vehicles, drivers were more accurate at localizing the vehicle that braked if it was a tracking target, although there was no advantage in terms of braking response time. Overall, results suggest that multiple-object tracking is possible while driving and perhaps even advantageous in some situations, but further research is required to determine whether multiple-object tracking is actually used in day-to-day driving.

History

Publication title

Attention, Perception & Psychophysics

Volume

76

Issue

8

Pagination

2326-2345

ISSN

1943-3921

Department/School

School of Psychological Sciences

Publisher

Springer New York LLC

Place of publication

United States

Rights statement

Copyright 2014 The Psychonomic Society, Inc.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Other health not elsewhere classified

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