University of Tasmania

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Multiple sclerosis genomic map implicates peripheral immune cells and microglia in susceptibility

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 13:06 authored by Patsopoulos, NA, Baranzini, SE, Santaniello, A, Shoostari, P, Bruce TaylorBruce Taylor, Jac CharlesworthJac Charlesworth, Molyneux, PD, Patrick, E, Leal, R, Griffiths, L, Broadley, SA, Vucic, S, Lechner-Scott, J, Cotsapas, C, Booth, D, Moscato, P, Stewart, G, Scott, RJ, Wong, G, Beecham, AH, James, T, Replogle, J, Vlachos, IS, McCabe, C, Pers, TH, Brandes, A, White, C, Keenan, B, Cimpean, M, Winn, P, Panteliadis, IP, Robbins, A, Andlauer, TFM, Zarzycki, O, Dubois, B, Goris, A, Sondergaard, HB, Sellebjerg, F, Sorensen, PS, Ullum, H, ThA rner, LW, Saarela, J, Cournu-Rebeix, I, Damotte, V, Fontaine, B, Guillot-Noel, L, Lathrop, M, Vukusic, S, Berthele, A, Pongratz, V, Buck, D, Gasperi, C, Graetz, C, Grummel, V, Hemmer, B, Hoshi, M, Knier, B, Korn, T, Lill, CM, Luessi, F, Muhlau, M, Zipp, F, Dardiotis, E, Agliardi, C, Amoroso, A, Barizzone, N, Benedetti, MD, Bernardinelli, L, Cavalla, P, Clarelli, F, Comi, G, Cusi, D, Esposito, F, Ferre, L, Galimberti, D, Guaschino, C, Leone, MA, Martinelli, V, Moiola, L, Salvetti, M, Sorosina, M, Vecchio, D, Zauli, A, Santoro, S, Mancini, N, ZuccalA, M, Mescheriakova, J, Van Duijn, C, Bos, SD, Celius, EG, Spurkland, A, Comabella, M, Montalban, X, Alfredsson, L, Bomfim, IL, Gomez-Cabrero, D, Hillert, J, Jagodic, M, Linden, M, Piehl, F, Jelcic, I, Martin, R, Sospedra, M, Baker, A, Ban, M, Hawkins, C, Hysi, P, Kalra, S, Karpe, F, Khadake, J, Lachance, G, Neville, M
We analyzed genetic data of 47,429 multiple sclerosis (MS) and 68,374 control subjects and established a reference map of the genetic architecture of MS that includes 200 autosomal susceptibility variants outside the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), one chromosome X variant, and 32 variants within the extended MHC. We used an ensemble of methods to prioritize 551 putative susceptibility genes that implicate multiple innate and adaptive pathways distributed across the cellular components of the immune system. Using expression profiles from purified human microglia, we observed enrichment for MS genes in these brain-resident immune cells, suggesting that these may have a role in targeting an autoimmune process to the central nervous system, although MS is most likely initially triggered by perturbation of peripheral immune responses.


Publication title











Menzies Institute for Medical Research


American Association for the Advancement of Science

Place of publication

United States

Rights statement

Copyright 2019 American Association for the Advancement of Science

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Clinical health not elsewhere classified; Preventive medicine