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Network-Aware coordination of residential distributed energy resources
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-21, 11:33 authored by Scott, P, Gordon, D, Evan FranklinEvan Franklin, Jones, L, Thiebaux, S
Rooftop solar and batteries, along with other distributed energy resources (DERs), add a new demand-side flexibility, which, when harnessed, will enable distribution operators to more efficiently manage their constrained networks. This paper presents network-aware coordination (NAC), an approach for coordinating DER within unbalanced distribution network constraints, which utilizes the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMMs) to solve a distributed receding-horizon OPF. As far as we are aware, this paper is the first to report on the practical implementation and performance of an ADMM-based technique solving a significant network problem in live operations. We present real-world trial results of NAC coordinating 31 residential batteries on a constrained feeder within Tasmania's 11-kV distribution network. The batteries are coordinated to manage the network's constraints during periods of high feeder demand, decreasing the need for expensive conventional network management, in this case a diesel generator. We achieve a 34% reduction in diesel over seven peaks with 31 batteries capable of meeting 10% of peak demand. Supplementary simulations indicate the potential for a 74% diesel reduction if battery numbers were increased to 100. We find that compared to uncoordinated battery response, the NAC achieves 13% lower total costs over the trial period.
Publication titleIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Department/SchoolSchool of Engineering
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statement© 2019 IEEE.