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Neurophysiologically-based mean-field modelling of tonic cortical activity in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, first episode schizophrenia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 07:41 authored by Rowe, DL, Robinson, PA, Rennie, CJ, Harris, AW, Kim FelminghamKim Felmingham, Lazzaro, I, Gordon, E
A recently developed quantitative model of cortical activity is used that permits data comparison with experiment using a quantitative and standardized means. The model incorporates properties of neurophysiology including axonal transmission delays, synapto-dendritic rates, range-dependent connectivities, excitatory and inhibitory neural populations, and intrathalamic, intracortical, corticocortical and corticothalamic pathways. This study tests the ability of the model to determine unique physiological properties in a number of different data sets varying in mean age and pathology. The model is used to fit individual electroencephalographic (EEG) spectra from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, first episode schizophrenia (FESz), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and their age/sex matched controls. The results demonstrate that the model is able to distinguish each group in terms of a unique cluster of abnormal parameter deviations. The abnormal physiology inferred from these parameters is also consistent with known theoretical and experimental findings from each disorder. The model is also found to be sensitive to the effects of medication in the schizophrenia and FESz group, further supporting the validity of the model.
Publication titleJournal of Integrative Neuroscience
Department/SchoolSchool of Psychological Sciences
PublisherImperial College Press
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom