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Nucleation effects on cloud cavitation about a hydrofoil
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-21, 15:38 authored by James VenningJames Venning, Bryce PearceBryce Pearce, Paul BrandnerPaul Brandner
The dynamics of cloud cavitation about a three-dimensional hydrofoil are investigated experimentally in a cavitation tunnel with depleted, sparse and abundant free-stream nuclei populations. A rectangular planform, NACA 0015 hydrofoil was tested at a Reynolds number of 1.4 × 106, an incidence of 6◦ and a range of cavitation numbers from single-phase flow to supercavitation. High-speed photographs of cavitation shedding phenomena were acquired simultaneously with unsteady force measurement to enable identification of cavity shedding modes corresponding to force spectral peaks. The shedding modes were analysed through spectral decomposition of the high-speed movies, revealing different shedding instabilities according to the nuclei content. With no active nuclei, the fundamental shedding mode occurs at a Strouhal number of 0.28 and is defined by large-scale re-entrant jet formation during the growth phase, but shockwave propagation for the collapse phase of the cycle. Harmonic and subharmonic modes also occur due to local tip shedding. For the abundant case, the fundamental shedding is again large-scale but with a much slower growth phase resulting in a frequency of St = 0.15. A harmonic mode forms in this case due to the propagation of two shockwaves; an initial slow propagating wave followed by a second faster wave. The passage of the first wave causes partial condensation leading to lower void fraction and consequent increase in the speed of the second wave along with larger-scale condensation. For a sparsely seeded flow, coherent fluctuations are reduced due to intermittent, disperse nuclei activation and cavity breakup resulting in an optimal condition with maximum reduction in unsteady lift.
Publication titleJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Department/SchoolAustralian Maritime College
PublisherCambridge Univ Press
Place of publication40 West 20Th St, New York, USA, Ny, 10011-4211