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Olivine-hosted melt inclusions in Hawaiian picrites: equilibration, melting, and plume source characteristics

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-16, 13:42 authored by Norman, MD, Garcia, MO, Vadim KamenetskyVadim Kamenetsky, Nielsen, RL
Olivine-hosted melt inclusions in tholeiitic picrites from five Hawaiian volcanoes (Koolau, Mauna Loa, Kilauea, Loihi, and Hualalai) have major and trace element compositions that illustrate the magmatic characteristics of ocean island volcanoes and the nature of mantle plumes. The geochemistry of these melt inclusions reflects the well known geochemical features that distinguish Hawaiian shield volcanoes, but with considerably greater diversity than whole rock compositions, providing a higher resolution of the magmatic processes contributing to Hawaiian plume magmatism. Naturally quenched inclusions from Kilauea, Mauna Loa, and Hualalai have been modified by crystallization of olivine on the walls of the inclusion and diffusive interaction with the host crystal. In contrast, melt inclusions in two Loihi picrites have not been affected by re-equilibration with their host olivines, reflecting a relatively brief interval between crystallization of the olivines and eruption of these lavas. Corrected major element compositions of experimentally melted inclusions from two Koolau picritic tholeiites are similar to those of erupted lavas from this volcano and document the presence of Koolau melts with at least 14% MgO. Trace element characteristics of melt inclusions from Mauna Loa, Kilauea, and Loihi can be produced by melting of a moderately depleted, garnet Iherzolite source. The extent of melting generally increases from Loihi


Publication title

Chemical Geology










School of Natural Sciences


Elsevier Science

Place of publication

Amsterdam, Holland

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences

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