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Online Mental Health Forums and Rural Resilience: Mixed Methods Study and Logic Model

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posted on 2023-12-11, 04:03 authored by Artur Steiner, Jane Farmer, Peter Kamstra, Karen Carlisle, Anthony McCosker, Susan KilpatrickSusan Kilpatrick
BACKGROUND: Rural mental health is a growing area of concern internationally, and online mental health forums offer a potential response to addressing service gaps in rural communities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore and identify pathways by which online peer support mental health forums help to build resilience for rural residents experiencing mental ill-health by contributing to overcoming their specific contextual challenges. METHODS: We developed a Theoretical Resilience Framework and applied it to 3000 qualitative posts from 3 Australian online mental health forums and to data from 30 interviews with rural forum users. RESULTS: Drawing on the findings and an abductive approach, a logic model was developed to illustrate links between the resilience resources built and enabling features of forums that make them spaces that facilitate resilience. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that online forums make valuable contributions to social well-being and access to a range of timely support services for rural people experiencing mental ill-health, and, while doing so, involve users in the processes of resilience building. The study provides a new way for practitioners to frame the work of and value produced by forums. It gives a logic model that can be used in evaluation and audit as it facilitates a causal framing of how forums, as an intervention, link with resilience outcomes. Ultimately, the study contributes to developing new knowledge about how rural resilience building can be conceptualized and measured while showing how forums are part of contemporary health service provision in rural places.

Funding

Agricultural Innovation Hubs Program : Department of Agriculture Water and the Environment | 4-H5DMF7J

Drought Resilience Tasmania - Actionable Knowledge and Solutions for Sustainable Prosperity : Department of Agriculture Water and the Environment | 4-G6ERKMV

Mapping the impact of social enterprise on regional city disadvantage : Australian Research Council | DP170100388

Admission and success for low SES university students : Department of Education, Skills and Employment | NPP1800008

Informing key influencers of low SES regional, rural and remote students education and career pathway choices: a whole community approach : National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education, Curtin University

Dairy on PAR : Dairy Australia Limited | C100001341

Identifying the Roles of Online Communities in Solving Rural Societal Challenges : Australian Research Council | DP200100419

Facilitating school-parent-community partnerships throughout Tasmanian to help children realise their educational potential : Ian Potter Foundation | 20161083

Towards Educating Mathematics Professionals Encompassing Science and Technology (TEMPEST) : Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

The perspectives and impact of rural and remote discourses on rural people : University of Tasmania

Roadmap for a Regional Agri-Food Knowledge Cluster in North West Tasmania : Department of Agriculture Water and the Environment | 4-HZONCSF

Research-based monitoring, evaluation and learning to support the Farm Business Resilience Program in Tasmania : Department of Natural Resources and Environment Tasmania

Evaluation of the King Island Community Capacity Building initiative: Foundations to Flourish : Geelong Grammar School

A National Career Development Learning Hub for students with disability : Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

Higher education careers advice for low SES students, including low SES Indigenous students and low SES regional, rural and remote students : National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education, Curtin University

Parents Matter: Career pathway training for parents : Department of State Growth (Tas) | 18TWP15

Regional communities influences on equity participation in higher education : National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education, Curtin University | CTR-11198

Evaluation of the Expansion of the Clarendon Vale Kitchen Garden Development program 2021 - 2023 : Material Institute Limited

Evaluation of Break ODay Community Wellbeing Pilot Project : Break'O'Day Council

History

Sub-type

  • Article

Publication title

JMIR MENTAL HEALTH

Medium

Electronic

Volume

10

Article number

ARTN e47459

Pagination

17

eISSN

2368-7959

ISSN

2368-7959

Department/School

Education, TIA - Research Institute

Publisher

JMIR PUBLICATIONS, INC

Publication status

  • Published

Place of publication

Canada

Event Venue

Glasgow Caledonian University, Yunus Centre, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Rights statement

©Artur Steiner, Jane Farmer, Peter Kamstra, Karen Carlisle, Anthony McCosker, Sue Kilpatrick. Originally published in JMIR Mental Health (https://mental.jmir.org), 28.06.2023. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Mental Health, is properly cited. The complete https://mental.jmir.org/2023/1/e47459 JMIR Ment Health 2023 | vol. 10 | e47459 | p. 16 bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on https://mental.jmir.org/, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.

UN Sustainable Development Goals

3 Good Health and Well Being, 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities