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Optimal alphabets for an RNA world
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 02:22 authored by Gardner, PP, Barbara HollandBarbara Holland, Moulton, V, Hendy, M, Penny, D
Experiments have shown that the canonical AUCG genetic alphabet is not the only possible nucleotide alphabet. In this work we address the question ‘is the canonical alphabet optimal?’ We make the assumption that the genetic alphabet was determined in the RNA world. Computational tools are used to infer the RNA secondary structure (shape) from a given RNA sequence, and statistics from RNA shapes are gathered with respect to alphabet size. Then, simulations based upon the replication and selection of fixed-sized RNA populations are used to investigate the effect of alternative alphabets upon RNA’s ability to step through a fitness landscape. These results show that for a low copy fidelity the canonical alphabet is fitter than two-, six- and eight-letter alphabets. In higher copy-fidelity experiments, six-letter alphabets outperform the four-letter alphabets, suggesting that the canonical alphabet is indeed a relic of the RNA world.
Publication titleProceedings of the Royal Society of London
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
Place of publicationLondon, England
Rights statementCopyright © The Royal Society 2003.