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2007_Quilty_origin_and_evolution.pdf (1.42 MB)

Origin and evolution of the sub-Antarctic islands: the foundation

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posted on 2023-11-02, 04:34 authored by PG Quilty
Sub-Antarctic islands have a diversity of origins in detail but most are volcanic and very young suggesting that they are short-lived and that the distribution would have been very different a few million years ago. They contrast with the common tourist brochure concept of oceanic islands. As the Antarctic Plate is virtually static, the islands seldom show signs of association with long-lived linear island chains and most thus stand alone. Longer-lived islands are either on submarine plateaux or are continental remnants of the dispersion of Gondwana.
The islands are classified in relation to raised sea-floor, transform fault, triple junction, subduction zone, submarine plateau, submerged continent or continental. Many are difficult of access and poorly known geologically. Their geological history controls their many other roles such as sites as observatories, or for study of colonisation, evolution and speciation rates.

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Publication title

Papers & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania

Volume

141

Pagination

35-58

ISSN

0080-4703

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Copyright Royal Society of Tasmania.

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