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Out -of-season gamete production in Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis : Photoperiod and temperature manipulation
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 14:45 authored by Kirchhoff, NT, Eddy, S, Brown, NP
The natural spawning of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis is limited to late winter into early spring. In order to reduce the cost of urchin production, out-of-season gamete production is necessary. This study attempted to condition broodstock for out-of-season gamete production through the use of two different photoperiod and temperature regimes: a Constant Spring and an Advanced year; hypothesized to induce maturation through suspension or advancement of the gametogenic cycle, respectively. Viable gametes were successfully produced out-of-season with fertilization and hatch rates equal to or surpassing the levels recorded for wild urchin's in-season. In addition, specific fecundity was significantly higher in out-of-season conditioned urchins compared to the in-season wild urchins. Histological techniques proved that gametogenesis was both suspended and advanced through manipulation of the photoperiod and temperature. In addition, several important observations were made regarding reproductive physiology in the green sea urchin, the implications of which are important to the economic development of the green sea urchin aquaculture industry and management of wild stocks. Â© 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publication titleAquaculture: An International Journal Devoted to Fundamental Aquatic Food Resources
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
Place of publicationPo Box 211, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1000 Ae