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Paternal and maternal effects on the response of seed germination to high temperatures in Eucalyptus globulus
Context: High temperature stress in nurseries germinating Eucalyptus globulus seed is an important problem affecting germination synchrony and rate. Where there is a risk of hightemperature stress, then the choice of female parent may be important. This issue is particularly relevant to the production of full-sib families frommass-supplementary pollination where there may be opportunities for seed producers to manipulate the directionality of the crossing done in seed orchards.
Aims: This study aimed to quantify the maternal versus paternal influence of seed sensitivity to high temperature stress during germination.
Methods: A diallel crossing scheme involving four genotypes was used to test the relative importance of male and female genetic influences on the germination and development of E. globulus seed and their response to high temperature stress. Seed was germinated at optimum (25°C) and supra-optimal (32°C and 37°C) temperatures, and six traits describing the proportion and rate of seed germination and early seedling development were assessed.
Results: Both paternal and maternal effects affected the germination response, arguing for at least some influence of the nuclear genotype of the embryo. However, the response to high temperature stress was more influenced by the maternal than paternal parent.
Conclusion: Both the male and female genotype may affect various aspects of seed germination and early seedling development independent of seed size; however, some facets of the germination response will be mainly affected by the female parent.
SeedEnergy Pty Ltd
Publication titleAnnals of Forest Science
Department/SchoolTasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)
PublisherE D P Sciences
Place of publication7, Ave Du Hoggar, Parc D Activites Courtaboeuf, Bp 112, Les Ulis Cedexa, France, F-91944
Rights statement© INRA / Springer-Verlag France 2012