1996-OBrien-Glacial_Prydz.pdf (343.34 kB)
Patterns of glacial erosion and deposition in Prydz Bay and the past behaviour of the Lambert Glacier
journal contributionposted on 2023-11-03, 01:25 authored by PE O Brien, PT Harris
Styles of glacial sedimentation and erosion in Prydz Bay respond to glacial and interglacial cycles and fall into three zones; an inner zone of net erosion, a middle zone of subglacially eroded and deformed transitional glacial marine deposits and an outer zone of subglacial till deposition and shelf progradation. The inner zone is the region of maximum basal shear stress and inner-shelf deep formation by enhanced erosion in areas where tributary glaciers converge with the extended Lambert Glacier. The middle zone is underlain by sediments deposited near the ice-grounding zone during retreat, both as blanket like deposits and as grounding-line moraines. This material is then deformed into elongate subglacial bedforms (megaflures or drumlins), a process that probably involves some erosion. Deforming subglacial bed conditions extend to the shelf edge within a valley crossing the shelf on the western side of Prydz Bay. The outer zone is a zone of net deposition of compact subglacial till and prograding continental slope deposits formed during full glacial conditions and glacial marine sediment formed during ice retreat. The inferred build up of ice on the Ingrid Christensen Coast may have been responsible for the development of the western ice stream that flowed in Prydz Channel. The geometry of seismic sequences in Prydz Channel suggests that this ice stream and its associated trough mouth fan developed after a major episode of shelf and slope erosion during the Pliocene.