University Of Tasmania
151907-Performance analysis of a hybrid optical.pdf (1.13 MB)
Download file

Performance analysis of a hybrid optical CDMA/DWDM system against inter-symbol interference and four wave mixing

Download (1.13 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 11:01 authored by Naif Al-sowaidiNaif Al-sowaidi, Eltaif, T, Mokhtar, MR
This paper reports the implementation and theoretical model for analyzing an optical CDMA/DWDM hybrid system to reduce two major problems, the Inter-Symbol Interference (ISI) and the Four-Wave Mixing (FWM) effects and improve the performance of optical subscriber access networks by using Zero Cross-Correlation (ZCC) optical codes, which helps to reduce the effect of the Multiple Access Interference (MAI). A squeezing method is used in the proposed hybrid system to completely suppress the ISI. In this method, the sequence interval of the signature code is squeezed into a duration of less than one-bit. The hybrid system is capable of accommodating 120 optical CDMA users carried by only 10 DWDM wavelengths spaced by 0.2 ​nm with 60 ​Gb/s/wavelength transmitted over 105.075 ​km of optical fiber. The result shows that the optimum interval of the code sequence is a quarter (i.e., 25%) of the bit duration. Moreover, the results reveal that the CDMA technology based on the spread spectrum is capable of increasing the nonlinear tolerance of the proposed hybrid system as the energy of bits is distributed over the chip sequence code. Also, the number of ones/weight and the positions between them have a significant effect on the performance of the proposed hybrid system.


Publication title

Digital Communications and Networks








School of Engineering


Ke Ai Publishing Communications Ltd.

Place of publication


Rights statement

© 2020 Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications. Publishing Services by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of KeAi Communications Co. Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, (

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Computer, electronic and communication equipment not elsewhere classified

Usage metrics