123249 - Permeability during magma expansion and compaction.pdf (4.72 MB)
Permeability during magma expansion and compaction
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-19, 14:29 authored by Gonnermann, HM, Giachetti, T, Fliedner, C, Nguyen, CT, Houghton, BF, Crozier, JA, Rebecca CareyRebecca Carey
Plinian lapilli from the 1060 Common Era Glass Mountain rhyolitic eruption of Medicine Lake Volcano, California, were collected and analyzed for vesicularity and permeability. A subset of the samples were deformed at a temperature of 975°, under shear and normal stress, and postdeformation porosities and permeabilities were measured. Almost all undeformed samples fall within a narrow range of vesicularity (0.7–0.9), encompassing permeabilities between approximately 10−15 m2 and 10−10 m2. A percolation threshold of approximately 0.7 is required to fit the data by a power law, whereas a percolation threshold of approximately 0.5 is estimated by fitting connected and total vesicularity using percolation modeling. The Glass Mountain samples completely overlap with a range of explosively erupted silicic samples, and it remains unclear whether the erupting magmas became permeable at porosities of approximately 0.7 or at lower values. Sample deformation resulted in compaction and vesicle connectivity either increased or decreased. At small strains permeability of some samples increased, but at higher strains permeability decreased. Samples remain permeable down to vesicularities of less than 0.2, consistent with a potential hysteresis in permeability-porosity between expansion (vesiculation) and compaction (outgassing). We attribute this to retention of vesicle interconnectivity, albeit at reduced vesicle size, as well as bubble coalescence during shear deformation. We provide an equation that approximates the change in permeability during compaction. Based on a comparison with data from effusively erupted silicic samples, we propose that this equation can be used to model the change in permeability during compaction of effusively erupting magmas.
Australian Research Council
Publication titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statementPublished 2017 American Geophysical Union. Not subject to U.S. copyright.