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Physiological Responses of Free-Swimming Adult Coho Salmon to Simulated Predator and Fisheries Encounters
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 04:40 authored by Donaldson, MR, Clark, TD, Hinch, SG, Cooke, SJ, Patterson, DA, Gale, MK, Peter FrappellPeter Frappell, Farrell, AP
The responses of free-swimming adult coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) to simulated predator and fisheries encounters were assessed by monitoring heart rate (f H) with implanted data loggers and periodically taking caudal blood samples. A 10-or 30-min corralling treatment was conducted to simulate conspecifics being cornered by a predator or corralled by fisheries gear without physical contact. Corralling rapidly doubled fH from âˆ¼31 beats min -1 to a maximum of âˆ¼60 beats min -1, regardless of the duration of the corralling. However, recovery of f H to precorralling levels was significantly faster after the 10-min corralling (7.6 h) than after the 30-min corralling (11.5 h). An exhaustive-exercise treatment (chasing for 3 min, with physical contact) to simulate a predator chasing a fish to exhaustion exhaustion or a fish becoming exhausted after encountering fisheries gear resulted in increased fH (to 60 beats min -1), plasma lactate, glucose, sodium, osmolality, and cortisol (males only) and a significant decrease in mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. Recovery of fH and most blood variables was complete about 16 h after exhaustive exercise and handling. The results illustrate a clear relationship between the intensity of exercise and the duration required for recovery of f H. Changes in f H were significantly correlated with those in plasma lactate, chloride, and sodium at 1 h after the exercise treatment protocols. Thus, measurements of f H may provide an accurate indication of the general physiological response of salmonids to exhaustive exercise in the natural environment. Â© 2010 by The University of Chicago.
Publication titlePhysiological and Biochemical Zoology
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
PublisherUniv Chicago Press
Place of publication1427 E 60Th St, Chicago, USA, Il, 60637-2954