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Plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) concentration is elevated in rheumatoid arthritis: a case–control study
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 12:41 authored by Glenn JacobsonGlenn Jacobson, Ives, SJ, Christian NarkowiczChristian Narkowicz, Graeme JonesGraeme Jones
Plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) offers a complimentary measurement approach to traditional GSH-Px activity methods. The aim was to investigate whether GSH-Px measured by ELISA in rheumatoid arthritis patients was elevated compared to controls. This is a case–control study with rheumatoid arthritis patients recruited from private practice and gender and age-matched controls randomly selected from the electoral role. GSH-Px concentration was measured by ELISA. Plasma malondialdehyde was used as a measure of oxidative stress, and antioxidant capacity was measured based on reduction of Cu++ to Cu+ by antioxidants in the sample. Disease severity was measured using the Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI) and C-reactive protein was measured using an immunoturbidometric method. A total of 74 patients were recruited, consisting of 35 rheumatoid arthritis cases and 39 healthy controls. There were no differences between rheumatoid arthritis cases and controls for oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity; however, GSH-Px concentration was markedly elevated in the rheumatoid arthritis sufferers (85.9 ± 147.7 versus 17.3 ± 13.0 mg/L, respectively; mean ± SD; p < 0.01). GSH-Px levels were not associated with severity measured by the HAQ-DI or C-reactive protein. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis demonstrated increased GSH-Px consistent with an adaptive upregulation of GSH-Px to protect against oxidative stress.
Publication titleClinical Rheumatology
Department/SchoolSchool of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Place of publication236 Gray's Inn Rd, Fl 6, London, WC1X 8HB, UK
Rights statementCopyright 2012 Clinical Rheumatology