University Of Tasmania
Rivers-Auty 2015 European_Journal_of_Immunology- Potassium Efflux Fires the Cannon.pdf (662.14 kB)
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Potassium efflux fires the canon: Potassium efflux as a common trigger for canonical and noncanonical NLRP3 pathways

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 08:29 authored by Jack AutyJack Auty, Brough, D
Murine caspase-11 and its human orthologues, caspase-4 and caspase-5, activate an inflammatory response following cytoplasmic recognition of cell wall constituents from Gram-negative bacteria, such as LPS. This inflammatory response involves pyroptotic cell death and the concomitant release of IL-1α, as well as the production of IL-1β and IL-18 through the noncanonical NLR family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) pathway. This commentary discusses three papers in this issue of the European Journal of Immunology that advance our understanding of the roles of caspase-11, -4, and -5 in the noncanonical pathway. By utilizing the new gene editing technique, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), as well as sensitive cell imaging techniques, these papers establish that cytoplasmic LPS-dependent IL-1β production requires the NLRP3 inflammasome and that its activation is dependent on K(+) efflux, whereas IL-1α release and pyroptotic cell death pathways are NLRP3-independent. These findings expand on previous research implicating K(+) efflux as the principal trigger for NLRP3 activation and suggest that canonical and noncanonical NLRP3 pathways are not as dissimilar as first thought.


Publication title

European journal of immunology










Tasmanian School of Medicine


Wiley-V C H Verlag Gmbh

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Po Box 10 11 61, Weinheim, Germany, D-69451

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© 2015 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the pre-peer reviewed version which has been published in final form at the DOI below. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

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  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Health related to ageing

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