University Of Tasmania
143742-Prescribed exercise regimen versus usual care and hypochlorous acid wound solution versus placebo for treating venous leg ulcers.pdf (941 kB)
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Prescribed exercise regimen versus usual care and hypochlorous acid wound solution versus placebo for treating venous leg ulcers: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (Factorial4VLU)

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 22:29 authored by Jull, A, Wadham, A, Bullen, C, Parag, V, Parsons, JGM, Laking, G, Waters, J, Klonizakis, M, Jane O'BrienJane O'Brien

Compression is the mainstay of treatment for venous leg ulcers (VLUs) and there are few effective adjuvant treatments. There is only observational evidence supporting the use of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) as a topical wound solution on VLU and some limited randomised evidence for the effect of a prescribed regimen of exercise.

Methods and analysis

The Factorial4VLU trial is a pragmatic, blinded, factorial randomised controlled trial, with 380 participants receiving either a prescribed exercise regimen compared with usual care and either active HOCl wound solution or placebo wound solution at each dressing change for up to 24 weeks. All participants will receive compression therapy. The primary outcome is the proportion of participants with healed VLU at 12 weeks after randomisation as adjudicated by blinded review of ulcer photographs. Secondary outcomes are proportion healed at 24 weeks, time to healing, estimated change in ulcer area, change in 2-Minute Walk Test, change in health-related quality of life, incidence of infection and incidence of all-cause adverse events. If either of the interventions shows a statistically significant positive difference on healing outcomes, cost-effectiveness will be modelled using a health service perspective.

Ethics and dissemination

The Factorial4VLU trial received ethical approval from the Northern B Health and Disability Ethics Committee. We plan to publish the results within 1 year of trial completion and will include the results on the trial registration page.

Trial registration numbers Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register ( (ACTRN12620000116921); Universal Trial Number (WHO) (U1111-1236-2997).


Publication title

BMJ Open



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School of Nursing


B M J Group

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Health system performance (incl. effectiveness of programs)

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